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政教分離のことを、英語では separation between church and state と言うことが多いです。以下では、その政教分離に関する世界的な意識調査の結果を紹介しています。

Should religion influence legislation? According to the World Poll, predominantly Muslim countries are saying yes, and you'll be surprised to hear what Americans are thinking.

I'm Yasmin Vossoughian, and this is the Gallup World Poll. Whether you like or not, religion plays a pivotal role in politics and daily life. Some argue that the church and state must remain divided, while others believe they are one and the same. There's two schools of thought at the forefront of this issue. Now that's Islamic law, known to a lot of people as Sharia, and the Bible.


法律を制定する際に、Sharia(イスラム法典)もその根拠のうちの1つとして使用すべきだという人の割合は、イランの66%がトップです。ただし、根拠のうちの1つではなく、法律の唯一の根拠とすべきという人の割合は、エジプトの67%がトップで、実際に神権政治を行っているイランで14%にすぎないのとは対照的です。一方、聖書を法律の根拠の1つに含めるべきというアメリカ人は46%で、法律の唯一の根拠にすべきという人は9%だそうです。

The marriage of church and state is alive and well around the world. But does that mean a lot of these countries want a theocracy? No, in fact according to World Pole numbers, in some cases the opposite is true.

The World Poll asked respondents what the role of religious leaders should be in writing legislation. If we take a look at the list again, Turks are more likely than Americans to say that religious leaders should have no direct role. And for the most part, all the countries were in the majority, with the exception of Pakistan and the Palestinian Territory. But 28% of Americans did say that religious officials should advise the government in drafting new legislation, only to be beat(en) out by Indonesia and the Palestinian Territory.

以下、気になった語彙の説明を、コウビルド英英辞典から引用しておきます。

If you say that someone or something is alive and well, you are emphasizing that they continue to survive.

A theocracy is a society which is ruled by priests who represent a god.
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